Organisation / Experts

Sustainable Mountain Alliance

The mission of the Sustainable Mountain Alliance (SMA) is to facilitate the transition to sustainable sports and tourism in the mountain environment.

The SMA provides a collaborative platform that identifies and supports inspirational, innovative solutions and a regenerative economy in the mountains, the most sensitive environment to climate change

The Sustainable Mountain Alliance (SMA) is a non-for-profit association of stakeholders within the mountain industry.

Location: - Lausanne, Switzerland
Climate ActionLife on LandPartnerships for the Goals
Organisation / Experts

Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies

Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies (SSSA) is an Italian Public University located in Pisa (Italy), operating in the field of applied sciences. It comprises six Institutes (Biorobotics; Management; Law, Politics and Development; Life Sciences; Economics; Communication, Information and Perception Technologies). The Institute of Management has the broad mission of contributing to the advancement of knowledge in the field of managerial studies, educating managers for private and public organizations and generating a positive impact on the business environment and on society as a whole. It is active in three main research areas: Innovation, Sustainability and Health.

The Sustainability Management Laboratory (SuM) combines knowledge of business management and policy making with the principles of sustainability, through scientific research and empirical investigation in the following areas: Environmental Management and Industrial Symbiosis; Energy and Resource Efficiency; Circular Economy and Natural Capital; Sustainable Products, Life-Cycle Thinking and Green Marketing; CSR and Accountability; Climate Change and Disaster management.

The SuM research team has a high level of skills on technical analysis, socio-economic analysis, policy and regulation, management and training for the promotion of sustainability in both private and public organizations. Our expertise includes:

Corporate Environmental Management, Life-Cycle Management (LCA, LCC), Economics and Management of Voluntary Certification Schemes, Environmental Innovation and Competitiveness, Sustainable marketing, Environmental reporting, Stakeholder engagement, Environmental Innovation and green technologies assessment, Green Public Procurement, CSR, Health & Safety Management, Environmental economics, Public policies for Sustainable Local Development, Sport Sustainability Management.

The SSSA is involved in a series of programs related to Sport and Sustainability. It includes

Climate ActionLife Below WaterLife on Land
Organisation / Experts

Fly Green Alliance

FGA is a sustainable mobility consultancy based in Europe with specialist knowledge in sustainable aviation fuel. FGA Sports has developed to combine knowledge from sport for development and sustainable mobility.

FGA are thought leaders in green travel, focusing on reducing carbon in business travel, fan travel, freight and mega events through business solutions.

Climate Action
Organisation / Experts

The Toolbox

The Toolbox is an initiative created by 11th Hour Racing Team to help make sustainability more accessible, based on the ethos that 'when we share, everyone wins.' The value of The Toolbox is the community that creates, uses and maintains it.

Created by the 11th Hour Racing Team, for the benefit of the wider community, the Toolbox is organised around a series of eight How to Guides and Case Studies a designed to make sustainability accessible for any organisation.
Whilst every effort and care was taken when preparing the contents of these guides, applying sustainability is specific to each organization. It is up to the user to make the relevant choices and define what aspects are right to include, important to address or are legally mandatory.

Click here to visit The Toolbox website

Climate ActionLife Below Water
Organisation / Experts

Surfrider Foundation Europe

Surfrider Europe was created in 1990 by a group of surfers who wanted to preserve their playground. Grass-roots activism to protect our oceans and coasts is at the core of the organisation.

Surfrider Foundation Europe is a non-profit organisation whose purpose is to protect and showcase the importance of lakes, rivers, the ocean, waves, and coastlines. It currently has over 13,000 members and is active across 9 countries through its volunteer-run branches.

For almost 30 years, Surfrider Foundation Europe has been taking action as a recognized authority in three areas of expertise: marine litter, water quality and public health, coastal management and climate change.

Volunteers engaging in local field activism are the driving force of Surfrider. Whether they are running local volunteer branches or taking part in the environmental campaigns of the organisation, they are Surfrider’s strongest presence in the field and they implement our various programmes locally: awareness and education, events, and rallying.

At this time, over 2,000 volunteers are taking action every day in 43 local branches in 11 European countries. Join us in our fight to protect the oceans and coasts of today and tomorrow. Help us to drastically reduce plastic waste, move away from fossil fuels, fight against climate change and its impacts, and fight marine pollution and the damage being done to oceans, beaches and waves.

Climate ActionLife Below WaterLife on LandResponsible Consumption
Organisation / Experts

Green Coach

The project “Greencoach- Incorporating sustainability in the governance of sports organisations”, co-funded by the European Commission under the umbrella of the Programme Erasmus+ Sport, is a 36 months collaborative partnership, which involves eight public and private entities, (Sport Federations and Institutions, NGOs, University, Research Centers) based in different Countries: Italy, Spain, Norway, Belgium, Sweden, Lithuania and France. The project is coordinated by Ecoserveis and the Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies

As shown by different studies, the sports industry has a large responsibility towards global environmental pollution. Over the last decade, some initiatives have been developed to incorporate monitoring and benchmarking of environmental footprint in sports events.

Therefore, there are not yet reference models at organisational level on good governance of sustainability within sports organisations, and especially focusing on how to incorporate sustainability as a cross-cutting priority in sports clubs as a governance element, beyond specific actions during sport events.

In this framework, GREENCOACH aims to improve the environmental impact of grassroots football organizations by incorporating:

  • monitoring and benchmarking of the environmental footprint of football events and organisations
  • sustainability as a cross-cutting element in football organisations daily management

In addition, it also aims at enhancing environmental awareness of supporters, spectators and staff and at promoting healthy lifestyles at individual and community levels, especially among young athletes.

As partner of the project, the SuM research group of the Institute of Management will bring in scientific expertise to carry out the assessment of the environmental footprint of grassroots football organisations, and to design and check the benchmarking tools and the education modules. In particular, 2 kinds of footprint will be calculated:

  1. Environmental footprint of an amateur football match (then used to calculate aggregated footprint of bigger events such as the total footprint of an amateur championship/tournament or the assessment of the total footprint of all amateur matches of a country).
  2. Organisational Environmental Footprint (OEF) of an amateur football organization (by categorizing the organisations according to their complexity – i.e. the number of structures and facilities that belong to the sport organisations that could influence their environmental footprint).

Project duration : 01.01.2020 to 31.12.2023

Climate ActionResponsible Consumption

Niesslein Sustainability Partners, offers a personal approach in supporting motorsport organisations, individuals, and stakeholders on their journey to becoming net carbon neutral.

NSP is still a fairly young company but their expertise and passion for driving positive change throughout the motorsport industry is world class. They are committed to helping organisations towards the achievement of their sustainability goals.

Climate ActionLife on LandResponsible Consumption
Organisation / Experts

Sport And Dev is an online resource and communication tool dedicated entirely to sport and development.  Sportanddev has three main goals:

  • Increase the visibility of sport’s development potential among the target groups of
  • Contribute to improving sport and development practice
  • Encourage dialogue, promote partnership building and facilitate strategic alliances. is governed by a group of committed stakeholders and is managed by an aperating Team hosted and situated at the headquarters of the Swiss Academy for Development (SAD)

Location: Bienne - Switzerland
Decent Work and Economic GrowthGender EqualityGood HealthPartnerships for the Goals
Organisation / Experts

The Sustainability Report

The Sustainability Report is an independent platform that provides economic, social and environmental intelligence for the sports industry. We showcase leadership, strategy, research and innovation through in-depth analysis, insightful podcasts, research-driven reports, and engaging animations. The Sustainability Report is published by Touchline, a multilingual international agency specialising in sustainability, sport and reporting

Location: Hutweidengasse 34/28, 1190 - Vienna, Austria
Clean Water and SanitationClimate ActionDecent Work and Economic GrowthGender EqualityGood HealthInnovation and InfrastructureLife Below WaterLife on LandPeace and JusticeQuality EducationReduced InequalitiesResponsible ConsumptionSustainable Cities and Communities
Organisation / Experts


The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is a membership Union uniquely composed of both government and civil society organisations. It provides public, private and non-governmental organisations with the knowledge and tools that enable human progress, economic development and nature conservation to take place together.

Created in 1948, IUCN is now the world’s largest and most diverse environmental network, harnessing the knowledge, resources and reach of more than 1,300 Member organisations and some 15,000 experts. It is a leading provider of conservation data, assessments and analysis. Its broad membership enables IUCN to fill the role of incubator and trusted repository of best practices, tools and international standards.

IUCN provides a neutral space in which diverse stakeholders including governments, NGOs, scientists, businesses, local communities, indigenous peoples organisations and others can work together to forge and implement solutions to environmental challenges and achieve sustainable development.

Working with many partners and supporters, IUCN implements a large and diverse portfolio of conservation projects worldwide. Combining the latest science with the traditional knowledge of local communities, these projects work to reverse habitat loss, restore ecosystems and improve people’s well-being.

What’s biodiversity?

Biological diversity, or biodiversity in short, is defined by the Convention on Biological Diversity as the ‘.. variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems’. Biodiversity supports valuable ecosystem services that are essential for the survival and healthy functioning of human society and its economic activities.

The links between Sport and Biodiversity

Sport can have significant negative impacts on biodiversity, through the construction and use of sports venues and the staging of sporting events. Sport can negatively impact biodiversity through land use to build permanent or temporary sports venues and facilities, as well as through the pollution, noise, waste, lighting, traffic, and resource demand resulting from the staging of sporting events attended by hundreds or thousands of spectators. At the same time, sport, through its global reach, can be an important catalyst for raising awareness about the need for biodiversity conservation, and promoting and supporting efforts to enhance biodiversity.

Understanding and managing the potential negative impacts and opportunities for conservation is vital for ensuring that sports venues and sporting events deliver successfully both from the financial and operational standpoint. Unmanaged or poorly managed biodiversity impacts can lead to financial, regulatory, operational, and reputational risks. On the other hand, timely and effective action to mitigate risks and enhance conservation can help venues and event planners and organisers increase their social license to operate, more easily attract future sporting events, establish long-term positive relationships with communities and the media, and attract sponsors.

Mitigating negative impacts on biodiversity

The construction of new sports venues, the installation of temporary venues and associated facilities, and the use and refurbishment of existing venues can all impact on biodiversity. The type of risks and opportunities will vary, depending mainly on the location of the venue (i.e. whether it is sited in an urban area or in the natural environment, and the importance of that environment for biodiversity) and on its size. While the impacts may be broader, more severe, and more obvious in a natural, undeveloped area, where it is often necessary to construct access roads, power supply infrastructure, and water and sewer infrastructure (amongst others), there are also risks to developing in urban areas, where many species make their homes within the built environment.

The staging of sporting events in both urban and natural settings can impact biodiversity through the presence of large numbers of spectators, who increase noise, vibration, pollution, waste generation, and traffic. Other risks to biodiversity from sporting events include oil or fuel spills, sewage discharge, light pollution, increased use of chemicals and fertilisers, and increased demand for natural resources.

To address these potential impacts, developers should first comply with all legal and statutory requirements relating to biodiversity. Beyond compliance, the recommended way to manage biodiversity impacts effectively is through the mitigation hierarchy of avoidance, minimisation, restoration, and offsetting of residual impacts. Preventive mitigation measures (avoidance and minimisation) are always preferable to corrective measures (restoration and offsets).

Maximising opportunities for biodiversity conservation

Sporting events and their associated facilities can leverage opportunities to promote and support biodiversity conservation through a variety of activities and initiatives, including:

• enhancing natural habitats in urban environments by restoring degraded sites, connecting fragmented habitats, building ‘green’ rooftops and living walls, installing man-made habitats for wildlife, increasing the diversity of plant species, and incorporating plantings in their project design that provide additional habitat and benefits to local fauna and flora;

• increasing the area under protection through on-site or off-site protection of natural features;

• generating funds and increasing awareness for protected area management by staging low-impact sporting events, such as running or mountain biking, within or partially within protected areas;

• raising public awareness about biodiversity through the use of biodiversity elements as mascots or as part of an event’s logo, and the creation of public exhibits and educational programs, as well as through sports commentators and individual, high-profile athletes;

• increasing available knowledge and data by sharing biodiversity inventories and baseline information that may be required as part of venue development with conservation organisations and research institutions; and

• generating biodiversity benefits through projects designed to offset the carbon footprint of a venue or event.

Where can you find solutions?

IUCN, in collaboration with IOC, has developed a series of guides designed to help decision makers understand and manage these potential impacts, as well as for maximising opportunities to use sport as a way to promote and enhance biodiversity conservation.

Read more about the Guides: Sport and Biodiversity published by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) in 2018

Location: Gland - Switzerland
Clean Water and SanitationClimate ActionLife Below WaterLife on LandSustainable Cities and Communities