Guidelines and reports

Sport for Climate Action

IOC (International Olympic Committee)

This guide to Climate Action is part of the “Sustainability Essentials” series developed by the IOC. IOC aim here is to provide a general understanding of the issues related to climate change and managing carbon (or greenhouse gas/GHG) emissions. The IOC examine what this means, why it is important, how it relates to sport and what a sport organisation can do to address climate change. In addition, IOC look at climate adaptation measures that organisations increasingly need to adopt in order to continue their day-to-day activities in the face of more extreme and variable weather patterns.

Climate ActionLife Below WaterLife on LandResponsible Consumption
Guidelines and reports

The IOC sustainability strategy


Sustainability is one of the three pillars of Olympic Agenda 2020 alongside credibility and youth. In line with its recommendations, the IOC has developed a Sustainability Strategy. Based on the responsibility of the IOC as an organization, as the owner of the Olympic Games, and as the leader of the Olympic Movement, it focuses on infrastructure and natural sites, sourcing and resource management, mobility, workforce, and climate. 

Here you can find the following elements of the IOC sustainability strategy.

Climate ActionDecent Work and Economic GrowthGender EqualityGood HealthLife Below WaterLife on LandPartnerships for the GoalsPeace and JusticeQuality EducationResponsible ConsumptionSustainable Cities and Communities
Guidelines and reports

White Paper – Host Actors and Human Rights Due Diligence in the Sports Context

Mega Sporting Events

A total of 11 White Papers have been produced, clustered into four themes referring to key stakeholder groups. These White Papers aim to present the latest thinking, practice, and debate in relation to key human rights issues involved in the planning, construction, delivery, and legacy of MSEs. Each paper also considers the case for, and potential role of, an independent centre of expertise on MSEs and human rights.

Based on a case study from the Commonwealth Games, this paper explores the human rights duties and responsibilities of mega-sporting event (MSE) ‘Hosts’, defined as the event organising committee and their local and national government counterparts.

It reviews frameworks including UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UN Guiding Principles) and Children’s Rights and Business Principles as appropriate roadmaps for implementation by the state and private sector actors engaged in MSE delivery and legacy realisation.
It highlights an emerging area of good practice using a case study from the Commonwealth Sports Movement, providing an overview of the steps taken to date, future plans, and lessons learned so far. Whilst at an early stage, it provides a potential direction of travel for other international federations thinking of undertaking a similar journey to integrate human rights considerations in event hosting.

It concludes by reflecting on what this case study implies for an initiative for collective action, and how the initiative with the Commonwealth Sports Movement can provide valuable lessons to inform the development of more universal roles and functions.

It concludes by focusing on the changing support requirements the Commonwealth Sports Movement is likely to need over time as buy-in and capacity in relation to human rights are built.

Decent Work and Economic GrowthPeace and JusticeReduced Inequalities
Guidelines and reports

World Triathlon Sustainability Guidelines for event organisers

International Triathlon Union

The science is clear.
What were once suppositions are now irrefutable facts.
Human activity has had an enormous negative impact on the Earth to the point that its regenerative capacities are overshot, threatening ecosystems and lives.
Like any other, the sports’ industry we belong to must share responsibility. It is our duty to minimise likely negative impacts and use our incredible potential to reach the masses and bring about positive change that can still make a difference.

This document is an invitation to our event organiser partners to engage in the journey of social, economic and environmental sustainability within and through the delivery of their event.
Some are already engaged, either on a voluntary basis or due to local legislation, and others have not yet started. Regardless of where you are on this journey, this
document offers a non-exhaustive list of actions to help keep you moving into the direction of sustainability.
It will also serve as a framework for a World Triathlon Sustainability certification system, which will recognise the commitments of Local Organising Committees (LOCs) to minimise their footprint.

Climate ActionLife Below WaterLife on Land
Guidelines and reports

The Mega-Sporting Event Lifecycle – Embedding Human Rights from Vision to Legacy

Mega Sporting Events Platform

All organisations, including those in the world of sport, are responsible for respecting human rights. Through preventing potential negative human rights impacts linked to major events, and providing adequate remedies for abuses that do occur, all organisations involved in delivering a mega-sporting event can better harness sport’s potential for good.

The lifecycle for a mega-sporting event also serves as a microcosm for the whole range of business and human rights issues. With the large amount of public investment associated with these events, and their impacts on local communities, mega-sporting events should be delivered to exemplary standards in all respects – especially with regard for human rights.

The capacity of mega-sporting events to promote human rights is enhanced by the fact that sport is inherently tied to sporting values and fair play, and sport’s history of providing a stage for progressive interventions in issues such as community relations, discrimination, gender equality and personal and social development.

This guide presents the lifecycle of a mega-sporting event, with specific elements of good practice at each stage that those involved in hosting the event should integrate into their planning, delivery and legacy in order to ensure a rights-compliant event.

Download the English version of the guide

Download the French version of te guide

Download the Japanese version of the guide

Decent Work and Economic GrowthGender EqualityPeace and JusticeQuality EducationReduced Inequalities
Guidelines and reports

IOC Gender Equality Review Project


The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has made great progress in promoting gender equality in terms of balancing the total number of athletes participating at the Games, offering leadership development, advocacy participating at the Games, offering leadership development, advocacy and awareness campaigns, and more recently appointing more women to leadership roles within the administration and governance. The priority of gender equality is reaffirmed in the Olympic Agenda 2020, Recommendation 11.

Meanwhile, many Olympic Movement stakeholders have also implemented significant gender equality initiatives so that girls and women are being given greater access and the opportunity to participate in sport.
However, there are still many challenges which need to be addressed, and the pace of progress is slow, particularly in this fast-paced environment.
To address those challenges, the IOC Executive Board (EB) launched the IOC Gender Equality.

Review Project on 16 March 2017 with a mandate to “push gender equality globally” with “action oriented recommendations for change.”

The adoption and implementation of these project recommendations will fulfil the IOC’s obligation under the Olympic Charter “to encourage and support the promotion of women in sport at all levels and in all structures.” It would also significantly contribute to the gender equality objectives of Goal 5 of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.

Promoting gender equality not only enhances the positive reputation of the IOC, it demonstrates corporate social responsibility to our commercial partners and it utilises the influence of the IOC to benefit society at large.
The positive impact of gender equality is well documented by social science research and business management studies.

Gender equality within the Olympic Movement creates opportunities for women to participate in public society and allows for women to contribute in roles of influence and decision-making responsibilities. It encourages physical activity and healthy lifestyles for women and girls. It encourages diversity of opinion, a key component of good governance and risk management.

Gender Equality
Guidelines and reports

FIH Quality Programme for Hockey turf

International Hockey Federation (FIH)

A new hockey field is a major investment and it is therefore important that it meets the expectations of hockey players, associations and clubs. To help ensure good quality fields are built for all levels of play, from elite level competition to community development, the FIH has developed an internationally recognised quality-assurance programme - the FIH Quality Programme for Hockey Turf. The programme was launched as part of an initiative of the Hockey Revolution - FIH's ten-year strategy for hockey.

Find out more about the programme by visiting the sections below :

Climate ActionInnovation and InfrastructureLife on Land
Guidelines and reports

Cycling for all side events UCI toolkit for event organisers

Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI)

It is the UCI’s ambition to grow cycling in all forms around the world - be it for transport, recreation or competition. As part of this, we encourage and support our partners to host events that inspire the general public to cycle. The hosting of UCI sanctioned races provides an opportunity to organise side events that advocate and promote cycling beyond elite competitions. This guide provides advice on the development and hosting of Cycling for All side events, as well as practical examples of best practice.

Cycling for All side events may take various forms, depending on an organiser’s wider vision for their event.

This guide will provide case studies related to the following types of initiatives :

  • Activity areas for children
  • Travel by bike initiatives
  • Multi-sport experience zones
  • Race circuits open to the public
  • Sustainability promotion and environmental campaigns
  • Educational workshops
  • Cycle skills training
  • Closed street / car-free days
  • Tourism and regional development campaigns
  • Cycling festivals

Good HealthResponsible ConsumptionSustainable Cities and Communities
Guidelines and reports

UCI toolkit for national federations

Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI)

Promoting and enhancing everyday cycling is a core pillar of the UCI’s strategy, striving to ensure that elite cycling acts as a catalyst to inspire even greater mass participation, and get many more people using bikes as part of their everyday lives. Be it working with cycling advocacy partners, championing local, regional, national or international cycling initiatives or supporting National Federations with their cycling promotion programmes, the UCI’s Cycling for All programme is meant to support the realisation of a more bike friendly world.

This toolkit provides practical advice and knowledge for National Federations seeking to develop their own child cycle training programmes.

Climate ActionGood Health
Guidelines and reports

IOC Sustainability Report


The International Olympic Committee has published its Sustainability Report, tracking progress towards achieving its 18 sustainability objectives for 2020 across its three ‘spheres of responsibility’ – as an organisation, as the owner of the Olympic Games and as the leader of the Olympic Movement.

Here you can find the following elements of the IOC sustainability report

Affordable and Clean EnergyClimate ActionGender EqualityGood HealthInnovation and InfrastructurePartnerships for the Goals